Jeep Grand Cherokee
1993-1999 of release
Repair and car operation
Jeep Grandee Cheroki
+ Jeep Grand Cherokee brand Cars
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Ryadny six-cylinder engine
+ V8 Engine
+ Procedures of the general and major maintenance of the engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioning
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ System of electric equipment of the engine
+ Systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and engine management
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Transfer case
+ Coupling and transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ System of onboard electric equipment
- Governing bodies and operation receptions
Acquaintance to the car
Start of the engine and driving
Dashboard and salon equipment
Emergency towage of the car
Car towage for the purpose of engine start
Как отбелить пожелтевший пластик
Governing bodies and operation receptions
Acquaintance to the car
Keys, locks and locks
Set of keys
The set of keys which is given out upon purchase of the new car is packed into a plastic cover, with the number code put down on it. If you receive keys without such packing, ask the representative of dealer office where the car is acquired to tell you a number code of keys.
Two keys enter into a set - main and office. The main key approaches to all locks on the car whereas the office is intended only for unlocking/locking of a driver's door and management of the ignition lock. The main key should be stored constantly at the owner of a vehicle whereas the office can be transferred to parkovshchik of parkings or masters of car-care center who cannot get with its help even into a ware box of the dashboard.
Key introduction in the lock of ignition and its extraction back
The key is equipped with a bilateral small beard and can be inserted into the lock in any way. Enter a key against the stop into a well of the cylinder of the lock of ignition and turn it in demanded of designated on an accompanying illustration situation. Key introduction in the lock and its extraction are back possible only in the position LOCK of the cylinder. For transfer of the key inserted into the lock to the situation LOCK previously press it (the lever of the AT selector should be established in situation P).
If to open a driver's door at inserted into the ignition lock a key, the alarm buzzer reminding to the driver of need to take a key will be distributed.
Blocking of a steering column
The car is equipped with a blokirator of a steering column of passive type. Blokirator prevents driving possibility at taken of the ignition lock a key. If the steering wheel turns no more than on a half of turn in each of the directions, and the key is taken from the ignition lock, therefore the steering column is blocked.
To make wheel blocking, turn it the top party down, muffle the engine and take a key from the ignition lock. Now slightly pull a steering wheel, rotating it in both directions for blokirator input in gearing.
Shutdown of a blokirator is made by small turn of a key in the ignition lock in any of the parties.
Locks of doors
To unlock or lock a door, enter a key into a well of the cylinder of its lock.
After unlocking of the lock of a door of a back it can repeatedly open and be locked without key application. To open a back door, pull on itself its handle.
Otpuskaniye of the lock of folding glass of a door of a back (can enter into an additional complete set of the car) is made at the same time with unlocking of the last. For opening of glass wring out top a rychazhok of the switch located over a plate of registration plate. When opening folding glass there is an automatic shutdown of a back screen wiper for the purpose of prevention of its casual start.
All doors of the car are equipped with internal locks of rychazhkovy type. For door locking at a zakhlopyvaniye it is enough to transfer forward to the situation LOCK the rychazhkovy switch on its internal party.
After a zakhlopyvaniye unlocking from within back doors becomes possible only after a conclusion of their rychazhkovy switches from the situation LOCK. Forward doors can be open by means of internal handles.
Back doors of the car are in addition equipped with the special blokirator, allowing to prevent possibility of their unlocking from within salon. These blokirator without fail should be used in transit children. For activation of a blokirator lower down a rychazhok located over a latch of the lock at a back end face of a door. Switching off of a blokirator is made by switching a rychazhka in the top situation.
System of the electric uniform lock
Switches of management of activators of door locks
Management of activators of locks of all doors (including a back door) is made by means of the switches of keyboard type located on armrests driver's and forward passenger doors. For locking of locks press the right half of a key of the lock, for unlocking - on left.
Blocking of doors by means of switches or a remote control (DU) is not represented possible in the following cases:
After blocking inclusion opening of back doors from within salon becomes possible only after an otpuskaniye of rychazhok of blokirator. Forward doors can be opened by means of internal handles.
Remote control by door activators of the uniform lock
By means of the DU panel of a door of the car can open at distance without key application.
The intake of the uniform lock is located in assembly of a lamp of illumination of salon, or in the central part of the top console. Having come nearer to the car on sufficient distance (about 3 m), direct the DU panel on the receiver and press, depending on an objective on the LOCK button (Locking) or UNLOCK (Unlocking) on its obverse panel.
At the moment of DU panel use on its obverse panel the control lamp confirming sufficiency of level of a charge of its batteries should light up. Average service life of batteries makes one year then it is necessary to establish instead of sat down two new elements of the CR1616 type tension on 3 V.Pri performance of replacement watch observance of polarity of installation of elements (symbols «+» and «-» are engraved on their cases).
The intake of the uniform lock provides reception of signals (and operation on them door activators) several (to four) DU panels. For programming of panels for the purpose of use them on your car make the following procedures:
At the moment of unlocking of door locks by activators of the uniform lock from the DU panel, and also when opening doors illumination of salon automatically joins. These lamps remain included during about 30 seconds, or till ignition inclusion (key turn in the situation ON - see an illustration).
Anticreeping alarm system
Sensitive sensors supervise a condition of doors (including a back door), a cowl, folding glass and in case of identification of signs of unauthorized penetration into the car provide inclusion of sound and visual alarm signals. Within the first 3 minutes the horn will publish buzz, and then head headlights and back marker lights will continue to blink within 15 minutes. Possibility of start of the engine will be blocked till system shutdown.
Turning on of the alarm system is made at operation on locking of doors of activators of the uniform lock (from keyboard switches or from the DU panel). After shutdown of 30-second illumination of salon (see the item. "At the moment of unlocking of door locks...") on the dashboard the control lamp of introduction in operation of the anticreeping alarm system starts to blink. The lamp will stop to blink about 15 seconds later, confirming a successful conclusion of installation of the alarm system. If a lamp during this period of time it is necessary to burn continuously, whether check densely the cowl is closed.
If at the moment of unlocking of doors by a key or on a signal from the DU panel the horn publishes triple buzz, it means that in your absence the system of the anticreeping alarm system worked. Check, whether there are no signs of penetration into the car of extraneous persons.
The system of the anticreeping alarm system is conceived as vehicle means of protection. Nevertheless there are situations in which there is its failure. If, remaining in the car, you will casually make locking of doors by the keyboard switch or from the DU panel, the anticreeping alarm system will work in attempt of opening of a door from within for the handle. Involuntary shutdown of system occurs when unlocking by a key of a door of a back. After the door will be closed repeated initiation of the alarm system will not occur.
Activation of the anticreeping alarm system occurs at the moment of battery connection after completion of service or car repairs. Thus all external lighting devices turn on in a blinking mode, and ignition is blocked. Shutdown of system is made by key turn in the lock of any of doors, or at operation of activators of the uniform lock from the DU panel.
Systems of safety and restriction of movings of the driver and passengers
Safety of the persons which were in the car is one of the most important and responsible tasks of designers and developers. From the knots, urged to carry out this task seat belts of the driver, forward and back passengers, and also a safety cushion of the driver are main. Standard seat belts can be also used for fixing of special adaptations for transportation of babies and children of younger teenage age.
Pay close attention of information stated in this subsection is will help you to achieve the maximum return from the systems of safety equipped in the car.
Remember that the wiped or torn belt at the moment of collision can tear, without having executed thereby the function. Regularly check a condition of tapes, buckles, anchor brackets and returnable devices of seat belts. The damaged components are subject to immediate replacement in knots of a standard design. Obligatory replacement of the worked belts should be made also after failure.
Of need of a pristegivaniye seat belts remind a control lamp on the car dashboard (see. Undressed Start of the engine and driving), and also an alarm buzzer.
Remember that a solid experience of driving in any a case does not grant the right to neglect use of seat belts. Be fastened even in case of a trip on very short distance. Do not forget that not all participants of traffic are the disciplined and skilled drivers, and therefore the probability of collision takes place constantly, both far from the house, and on your native street.
Pilot studies prove that use of seat belts allows to reduce repeatedly risk of death of the driver and passengers of a vehicle during collision. The most serious traumas usually turn out as a result of ejection of the person from car salon. It seat belts also allow to avoid, and therefore, each participant of movement, the driver or the passenger, should be reliably and is properly fastened.
Belts of universal type
Pristegivaniye one belt at once two people it is inadmissible in view of considerable decrease in efficiency of action of a belt. Besides, during collision both passengers can suffer as a result of blow the friend about the friend!
The lobbies located near doors and back seats of the car are equipped with seat belts of universal type.
Each of universal belts consists of humeral and zone sections. Inertial type the returnable device provides belt blocking only at its sharp breakthrough (during emergency braking or collision). Thus the belt is freely taken up from a drum at its smooth pulling that allows to place conveniently it on a body of the driver/passenger.
Instructions for use universal seat belts
Too free placement of a belt is inadmissible also. At sharp braking the body will manage to get dostavochny for receiving traumas acceleration. Watch that the belt densely covered a trunk.
At all do not pass humeral section of a belt near at hand - thus also efficiency of its action considerably decreases. Throw a belt through a thorax so that the maximum loading at blow fell on the strongest bones of a skeleton.
Take the place in the car and close a door. Lean the elbows on a back and adjust a seat.
The buckle of a belt is located on a door rack directly over edge of a back of a seat. Grasp a buckle and extend a belt from the returnable device. Throw humeral section of a belt through a breast, and fast straighten on hips.
If the length of a belt allows, latch a buckle in the mechanism of the lock of the clamp, located under a seat pillow from its opposite side.
Throw zone section of a belt through hips, at once under a stomach. To choose a weak point, pull for humeral section of a belt. For weakening of a belt incline a buckle and pull from itself fast section. Dense landing of a belt reduces risk of a proskalzyvaniye of a trunk under it at collision.
The humeral section of a belt should settle down conveniently on a breast, without mentioning thus cervical department. The weak point will get out the returnable device automatically.
For release from a seat belt press the PRESS button of the lock of a clamp of a buckle. The belt will automatically be winded on a drum of the returnable device. In case of need shift a buckle down on a belt tape, having given the chance to it to be winded completely.
Pregnant women at a pristegivaniye of a seat belt should watch that its zone section settled down strictly on hips and not to allow a perekidyvaniye it through a stomach. In case of collision the main loading is necessary on powerful bones of the coxofemoral joint, best capable to protect a fruit.
At a pristegivaniye a universal belt of the teenager or the undersized passenger watch that it settled down in a seat vertically and periodically check density of laying of a belt.
Central zone belt of a back seat
The passenger sitting in the middle of a back seat should be fastened by specially provided zone seat belt. For a zastegivaniye of a belt latch a buckle in the clamp lock.
To extend a zone belt, incline its buckle and pull. Truncation of a belt is made by pulling up of the free end of a tape. Watch that the belt densely covered hips. Occupy convenient situation on a seat, densely nestle on a back and adjust length of a belt so that it densely covered your trunk.
Building of seat belts
If the seat belt is too short for a pristegivaniye of the stout person, in dealer office of the Chrysler company it is possible to get the special extension piece, allowing to increase a belt till the demanded size. The extension piece should be used only when the length of a standard belt does not suffice. In other cases disconnect it and put in a ware box or a luggage compartment of the car.
Adaptations for transportation of babies and children of younger age
Designers of the Chrysler company developed special devices for transportation in the car of babies and children of younger age. At installation of these devices on standard seats of the car strictly follow instructions of their manufacturers. In case of need consult at specialists of dealer office.
Cars of considered brand are equipped with a safety cushion of the driver. The block is built in in a nave of a steering wheel and in case of strong front blow provides instant with filling by gas of the pillow made of a dense material. Together with a seat belt and knee protection the pillow provides reliable protection of the driver at a head-on collision of the car.
The system of a safety cushion is equipped with the control lamp built in in an instrument guard If the lamp does not light up at ignition inclusion, continues to burn after start of the engine or joins in movement time, the car should be driven away for performance of the corresponding diagnostics and necessary repair in a workshop of dealer office of the Chrysler company.
The main components of system of a safety cushion are: Blow sensors, the self-diagnostics Block, the Control lamp, the activation Module with the pillow fixed on it, the Steering wheel and a column of a special design, Connecting electroconducting and Knee protection (see an illustration below).
Sensors are located in a forward part of the car, and also in its salon and provide operation of the module of activation of a pillow when acceleration of face-to-face blow reaches a certain value. Sensors should not react on sliding, lateral and back blows, and also to a car perevorachivaniye. Inside sensors are equipped with the switches connected to the block of self-diagnostics of system and the module of activation of a pillow.
The block checks serviceability of functioning of electronic components of system each time at an ignition key povorachivaniye in the situation START or RUN/ON (see an illustration). Into number of such components enter all from listed in the item. "The main komponenty safety cushion systems...", except for a steering wheel, a column and knee protection.
At initial inclusion of ignition the block provides inclusion of a control lamp of a safety cushion on an instrument guard of the car for a while from 6 to 8 seconds. Then the lamp should go out. If at diagnostics performance in system any violations are revealed, the lamp will continue to burn continuously, or will pass to a blinking mode.
Activation/safety cushion module
The module is located in the central part of a steering wheel. When the acceleration arising at a head-on collision reaches sufficient value, sensors of blow give out a signal on module operations. Thus the gas generator of the module provides emission of a large amount of the nontoxical nitrogen, providing an instant naduvaniye of the pillow made of a strong material. The decorative cover in the central part of a steering wheel leans back and the pillow is developed, filling space between a wheel and a body of the driver. All process lasts about 50 milliseconds that corresponds to about a half of time spent by the person for blinking by eyelids. Almost at once nitrogen from a pillow is issued through the ventilating openings directed towards the dashboard, and therefore, operation of a pillow is not capable to prevent the driver in driving or to limit sector of its review.
Consequences of operation of a safety cushion
It is not necessary to fix to the car knifes for a sgrebaniye of snow, the winch and other non-standard equipment which has not been provided by a design of a front. Installation of the such equipment it is capable to break serviceability of functioning of sensors of blow of system of a safety cushion!
Naduvaniye of a pillow is made almost instantly on a signal of sensors of the blow reacting to face-to-face acceleration of a certain force. Almost immediately the pillow is blown off.
Operation of a safety cushion can have some collateral consequences:
Service of system of a safety cushion
Below the list of the reasons on which it is necessary to address to specialists of dealer office of the Chrysler company, understanding systems of safety cushions is provided:
At refusal of a speedometer, a tachometer and measuring instruments of working parameters of the engine the module of activation of a safety cushion also fails. In such situation it is necessary to try to replace a safety lock No. 22 in the assembly block.
Adjustment of provision of seats
Performance of adjustment of provision of a driver's seat during movement of the car dangerously! At a sharp push it is easy to run away, besides it can easily appear correctness of laying of a seat belt is broken. Make adjustment of provision of a seat before a start of motion.
Forward seats with a manual drive (a standard complete set)
Correction of provision of a frame of a seat
To shift a seat at will forward or back, pull up the bracket of management located in front under its pillow. Release a bracket and, поерзав, make sure that the seat was reliably fixed in new situation.
Correction of an inclination of a back
For correction of an inclination of a back of a seat lift located assembly under a seat pillow the lever and lean back together with a back in convenient situation. Return of a back to vertical situation occurs automatically at lever procrastination up.
Adjustment of height of provision of head restraints
Head restraints provide reliable protection of cervical department of a backbone in case of blow in the car behind. The head restraint is usually established in extreme top situation.
Forward seats with the electric drive on six degrees of freedom (an additional complete set)
Control panels are located the electric drive on the outer side of a frame of each seat, is direct under its pillow.
Adjustment of height of provision of a seat is carried out by means of the central switch - turn its rychazhok respectively up or down.
For seat shift forward or turn the same rychazhok (central) respectively forward or back back.
The inclination of a back of a seat is corrected by means of the rychazhkovy switch A.
For correction of an inclination of a pillow use the switch B.
Folding back seat of separate type
Both lateral backs of a back seat develop that allows to expand essentially in case of need volume of a luggage compartment.
Each of pillows of a back seat is equipped fixed in its back part special pedely, having pulled for which, the pillow can be lifted, having pressed to a back of a forward seat.
For removal of head restraints from backs of a back seat turn clockwise special blocking couplings. Now, to take a head restraint, it will pull vertically up from directing nests enough.
Find from below from the outer side of the corresponding back of a seat a special control lever, delay the lever back and combine a back forward.
For return of a back seat to an initial working condition lift its backs and latch them in vertical situation. If the cargo placed in a luggage compartment does not allow to lift completely a back, will return to a starting position a pillow inconveniently. The handle of the lock will not allow to plant completely a pillow - such safety lock guarantees stability of fixing of a back to a seat at adaptation installation on it for transportation of children.
Electrodriving window regulators
In order to avoid children's overindulgence the electric drive of window regulators functions only at the included ignition (a key in the situation ON/RUN). Each of lateral windows is equipped with the individual control panel with the switch of keyboard type. For lowering of glass it is necessary to press a key down, for lifting - up. The driver's door is equipped with the universal control panel, allowing to operate with window regulators of all door windows.
Internal rear-view mirror
Internal rear-view mirror with manual switching in day and night provisions
The mirror should occupy such situation to provide the review precisely through the center of back glass of the car. By means of the rychazhkovy switch located in the lower part of the case of a mirror, the last can be transferred in day, or to night situation that allows to avoid dazzle of the driver by a driving beam of headlights of a vehicle overtaking the car. For transfer of a mirror to night situation delay a switch rychazhok on itself.
Internal mirror with the automatic device of a priglusheniye of reflected light
Such mirror automatically reduces intensity of the reflected driving beam of head headlights of vehicles overtaking the car. Inclusion and switching off of the device is made by means of located from below on the case of a mirror of the button. At system activation in the button the control lamp lights up.
External rear-view mirrors
Correctly adjusted lateral rear-view mirror should be directed precisely on the middle of the next lane and slightly block sector of the review of an internal mirror. Correction of provision of the mirror not equipped with the electric drive is made manually by a turn of a frame of its glass.
External mirrors with heating (an additional complete set)
A food on heating elements of mirrors moves at the same time with inclusion of heating of back glass.
The combined switch of management is located the electric drive of correction of provision of external rear-view mirrors at the left below on the car dashboard. For correction of provision of the left mirror establish the central rychazhok of the switch in situation L, right - in situation R. Adjustment of an inclination of mirrors is carried out by means of four command keys.
Lever of an otpuskaniye of the lock of a cowl
For opening of a cowl pull on itself the lever A located at the left under the dashboard. Then leave the car, push a hand under slightly risen cowl and pull on itself the safety handle of a latch of V.Podnimite and prop up a cowl.
At a podnimaniye of a cowl there is an automatic inclusion of a lamp of illumination of an impellent compartment.
To cock the parking brake, strongly pull up the handle of the lever of its drive, located in the central console of the car between forward seats. If the parking brake is cocked at the included ignition, on an instrument guard the control lamp should light up.
Before leaving parked on an inclined site of the road the car make sure of reliability of raising of the parking brake and do not forget to transfer AT to situation P / to include RKPP on the first transfer. Make sure that the transfer case is not in neutral situation, otherwise the car is not insured from a skatyvaniye under a bias regardless of the provision of transmission.
Do not forget to cock without fail the parking brake before leaving the car.
For an otpuskaniye of the parking brake slightly pull the lever up, then press located in a face part of its handle the button and completely lower the lever down. Make sure that the control lamp on an instrument guard went out - movement with the cocked parking brake can lead to failure of brake mechanisms.
Recommendations about a running in of the new car
All necessary are made for normal operation of the car of setup of the engine industrially by specialists of the Chrysler company. In order that in the maximum degree to prolong service life of the car and to achieve high efficiency of return of the engine, throughout several hundred km/miles of run it is necessary to observe some special rules. The list of rules and restrictions which should be observed the period of a running in of the car is provided in below-mentioned points:
Car filling by fuel
For opening of the hatch of a jellied mouth of a fuel tank pull up the lever located on a floor of the car between a driver's seat and a threshold of the right door. On the lever there is an inscription of FUEL DOOR and the image of the fuel pump is put.
On a case of failure of the mechanism of a remote drive of unlocking of the hatch of a jellied mouth, in the back lateral panel of a body behind a spare wheel the special emergency cable is provided - open a cover and, having pulled a cable, open the hatch of a jellied mouth.
Muffle the engine and remove from a jellied mouth of a fuel tank a cover for what turn it counter-clockwise. Fix a cover in special, provided on back the parties of a door of the hatch, a clamp. For cover installation into place fill it in a mouth of a tank and tighten clockwise at least on three clicks.
The requirements shown to a grade of fuel
The design of power supply systems and engine management provides good profitability of fuel consumption in case of car filling by high-quality unleaded fuel.
Use for car filling only gasoline with octane number not below 87, determined by a method of calculation of arithmetic-mean value between the sizes defined research and motor ways: N= (R +М)/2, or, in Russian designations: N= (AI +А)/2.
Periodic emergence of an easy detonation in the engine at work it on low turns should not cause special concern. In case of a strong detonation on high turns it is necessary to address in dealer office of the Chrysler company.
Besides, that gasoline should be unleaded and have octane number not below the stipulated value, it is recommended to use the fuel containing such additives, as inhibitor of corrosion and means for increase of stability of turns of the engine. Application of such additives allows to increase efficiency of return of the engine and reduces its expense. Usually unleaded fuel of the class Premium already contains such additives.
Use of low-grade fuel can lead to emergence of such problems, as the complicated start of the engine, spontaneous it остановы and violation of stability of turns. In case of appearance of any of the listed symptoms, try to replace fuel brand before there will be more serious problems.
Some grades of fuel represent a combination of the unleaded gasoline mixed with such kislorodsoderzhashchy additives, as alcohol and methyl-tetrabutilovy (MTVE) and etil-tetrabutilovy (ETVE) air. Thus the importance has type and quantity of the oxidizer added to fuel. For filling of cars considered in this Management the following combinations are admissible:
Added to unleaded gasoline of methyl alcohol can vary from 3 % and above.
Control systems of the engine
In order to avoid violation of serviceability of functioning of a power supply system try to observe the following rules:
The cars equipped with the catalytic converter are subject to filling by only unleaded fuel. The high content of lead in etilirovanny fuel is capable to lead to appreciable decrease in efficiency of the converter and its fast exit out of operation. Under usual service conditions of the car the catalytic converter does not need regular service. Nevertheless it is necessary to pay attention to observance of the correct settings of the engine.
Do not park the car over easily flammable subjects, on the sites overgrown with a dry grass or filled-up fallen leaves.
At long operation of not adjusted engine there can be the characteristic pungent smell which is usually accompanying process of curing of rubber. This smell is a sign of a serious overheat of the catalytic converter. The car should be immediately stopped, the engine is muffled and cooled. Then without any delay it is necessary to make engine adjustment.
To minimize probability of failure of the catalytic converter try to observe the following rules: